ZAK asked Prof. Dr Kenichi Mishima to answer the following questions: 1. Has our need for security grown, or has our perception of danger and uncertainty simply changed?
ZAK asked Prof. Dr Kenichi Mishima to answer the following questions:
1. Has our need for security grown, or has our perception of danger and uncertainty simply changed?
It depends on which topics you are referring to. With regard to nuclear energy, our need for security has certainly grown. With regard to the financial crisis, it is more our perception that has changed. We now have a clearer view of the entire background of the political class’ management of the crisis. In contrast to European citizens’ reactions about the use of nuclear energy, an undefinable rage seems to be widespread among the citizens of Europe here – undefinable because a feeling of one’s own impotence is always also at play here.
2. To what extent are the interdependencies among individual risks increasing? Can a domino effect be seen here?
Although they are closely connected, risks and crises are two different matters. While risks can be cleanly separated from one another, many crises can be grouped together. Regarding both the lies surrounding nuclear energy and the currency difficulties, a failure on the part of the experts is extremely clear. One can only shrug one’s shoulders or smile when reading an experts’ report on the crisis in Greece from the autumn of 2010.
3. In light of the current crisis, should more decision-making authority be transferred to European institutions/organs?
I am no European citizen, but allow me to say the following from my vantage point: it is the European Parliament, not the authorities in Brussels that must be strengthened. A greater transnational public sphere is necessary. Unfortunately, as forums for discussion, the respective national public spheres have become increasingly cut off. The seemingly unstoppable process of the emancipation of the economy can thus barely be curbed by democratic safeguards.